A simple guide to maintain textile weaving machines

Indian textile industry: past, present and the future

A weaving machine is the basic equipment used to weave fabrics and transforms yarn into lovely textiles. The main function of a weaving machine is to hold the warp threads rigid or stretched, while the weft threads weave in and out. All weaving machines need to be maintained properly so that production of fabrics can be effectively optimised. Keeping weaving machines in proper working condition not only ensures peak performance but it also prevents costly breakdowns. Here are some simple steps to ensure proper maintenance of your looms.

4-step guide for weavers to optimise the performance of fabric weaving machines

1. Keep it clean: Cleaning is the most important aspect of maintaining a textile weaving machine. The durability and smooth operation of a textile weaving machine depend on routine cleaning.  Dirt, debris, and accumulated lint can obstruct the moving parts, leading to unnecessary wear and tear. After regular usage, the parts of weaving machines should be  cleaned using a soft cloth or industrial cleaner. Weavers should give more attention to moving parts like lint screens, and other areas where dirt frequently accumulates.

Textile weaving

2. Keep it lubricated: To decrease friction and increase the longevity of machines used in the textile industry,they must be well  oiled. Furthermore, lubrication is required to reduce friction in spur and worm gears ands keep them cool. Low-viscosity oils, like high-quality lubricants, should be used to effectively reduce friction and enhance the weaving machine’s performance. Oil and grease should be applied to the lubrication points of the powerloom machines, which include the loom, dobby, and jacquard.

3. Inspect the belts and tension: The belts and tension are essential parts of a textile weaving machine. So, for effective functioning, adequate adjustment is crucial. Check the belts and tensioners  frequently to make sure they are operating correctly.

4. Replace worn-out parts: Bearings, motor belt, and timing belts that are old should be replaced for proper maintenance of textile weaving machines. Also,  before turning on the loom, the voltage stabiliser should be checked for the appropriate voltage.

Some additional tips for weavers to clean and sanitise wooden looms

  1. Coat wooden looms with oil or varnish to prevent mold growth.
  2. Use oil soaps to clean wooden looms.
  3. Do not use any bleaching agents while cleaning or sanitizing the wooden looms.

With proper maintenance, weavers can prevent the breakdown of weaving machines,  ensure their longevity and consequently good fabric production.

ReshaMandi is associated with weavers across the country. It is providing them better market linkages and yarns for good fabric output. Apart from hassle-free procurement of a wide variety of yarns, it also offers competitive prices for their fabrics. With ReshaMudra credit assistance services, it is also providing an avenue for weavers to improve the infrastructure of their looms and diversify their business.

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